In this technological age, most people argue that the use of technological devices is essential. In fact, most scientific efforts are focused on the creation of new technologies that meet the needs of society and raise the level of welfare. Some technological advances are not always designed for the aforementioned purpose or to improve human life, but these devices always satisfy a need, even if it is to get rid of boredom.Needless, technology is not needed, and therefore, it will not be used.
The first stage of technology
The pre-technological period was a non-rational period of the first prehistoric men. The emergence of technology, which has been possible by the development of the rational faculty and thought finding the way to the first stage: Paleolithic hunter-gatherers developed tools that increased the efficiency of physical work to achieve its objective which was mainly for the acquisition of food.
A tool provides a mechanical advantage in fulfilling a physical task and must be fueled by human or animal energy. They allow things impossible to achieve only with the human body, such as seeing minute visual details with a simple lens or a sophisticated microscope; the handling of heavy objects (with complex machines such as a crane, simple, such as a pulley, or with instruments as simple as a basket); or the transport, processing and storage of all types of fluids or grains, with a bucket of water, a wineskin or a barrel for the wine, or a ceramic vessel for the oil.
The second stage of technology.
this stage was covered by the creation of the machine. Restricting this concept to that of the machine powered by non-human or animal energy, is a tool that replaces the human element of physical effort, and requires an operator only to its control function. The machines were extended with the Industrial Revolution, although the ship or windmills, and other types of machines that meet this definition, are much earlier.
Examples of this include the railroad, the lighting, the automobile, the computer.
The third stage of technological evolution is the automaton. An automaton is a machine that eliminates the human control element with an automatic algorithm. Examples of machines that present these characteristics are digital clocks, automatic telephone switches, step-marks, and computer programs.
The fourth stage corresponds to the moment in which large companies began to use technology to store their customers’ database, and have a more direct contact with them.
Small and medium-sized companies are beginning to use technology to seek competitive advantage and market differentiation from their competitors. The challenges that companies have can be reached more easily by technology.
The challenges for companies are to increase their income (grow), reduce costs (profitability), position their brand (stay), improve customer service (retain) and enhance human talent (competitiveness). Based on these challenges and their objectives, SMEs (small and medium enterprises) must rely on technological means to capitalize on the experience and evolution of technology and business development.
From the adoption of new technologies arise in organizations what is called Best Practices, so as not to reinvent the wheel and copy successful models of other companies in the world.